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Understanding and managing diabetes | News, Sports, Jobs – The Express – Lock Haven Express

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Nov 26, 2021
Le Yu Khine, MD
November is National Diabetes Month. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes affects over 34 million people in the United States or about 1 in every 10 people, and about 20% of those people do not even know they have it. It is the seventh leading cause of death and the number of adults diagnosed with diabetes has more than doubled in the last 20 years.
It’s important to understand what diabetes is, how it affects the body, and ways to prevent and/or manage the condition.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a health condition in which your body has difficulty with insulin, the hormone that helps sugar diffuse into your cells. The insulin either isn’t used properly by your body, or your body simply does not have the ability to produce enough.
There are three types of diabetes:
— Type 1: This is the type of diabetes that occurs as an autoimmune reaction or when your pancreas does not produce insulin. When diagnosed with this type of diabetes, it is likely that you will need daily injections of insulin. Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults, but it can develop at any age. It is less common than type 2: approximately 5-10% of people with diabetes have type 1. Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes, but it can be managed.
— Type 2: This is the most prevalent and preventable type of diabetes. Your pancreas produces insulin, but your body doesn’t respond appropriately — this is known as insulin resistance. Your pancreas makes more insulin to try to get cells to respond. Eventually your pancreas can’t keep up, and your blood sugar rises, setting the stage for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
— Gestational: Occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after pregnancy. This affects how your body uses sugar, similar to the other types of diabetes.
How Diabetes Affects Your Health
When you have high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, your blood vessels may become damaged. This increases the possibility of stroke, heart disease, kidney disease, nerve problems, or vision problems.
In contrast, when your blood sugar is low, your central nervous system can be affected. Early signs of low blood sugar can be weakness, dizziness, headaches, anxiety, and lack of coordination. If your blood sugar level becomes extremely low, you could experience loss of consciousness, seizures, or even death.
Symptoms of diabetes can often go undiagnosed for years and sometimes you may never experience symptoms. Because symptoms can be hard to spot, it’s important to know the risk factors and to see your doctor to get your blood sugar tested if you have any of them.
Type 1 diabetes is believed to be an immune reaction and may be genetic, so risk factors include age and family history. Type 2 diabetes is often related to lifestyle and overall health and wellness with risk factors including prediabetes, overweight, 45 years of age or older, family history of type 2 diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, or if you are African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian, or Alaska Native.
The most common diagnostic test is an A1c. This blood test, which doesn’t require fasting, indicates your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. It measures the percentage of blood sugar attached to hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying protein in red blood cells.
An A1c below 5.7% is normal, between 5.7 and 6.4% indicates you have prediabetes, and 6.5% or higher indicates you have diabetes
Managing Diabetes
Regulation of your blood sugar is key to living a normal life with diabetes. Your doctor will support you through this diagnosis and help create a plan to manage your body’s level of blood sugar. Education of this health condition is one of the main ways of staying on top of it. The more you know about diabetes, the better you can control it.
Healthy eating and physical activity should be a part of everyone’s lives, whether they have diabetes or not. However, the benefits of these practices can make a big difference to those that have been diagnosed. Both eating well and getting active can help improve your body’s levels of glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and help prevent Type 2 diabetes altogether.
If you’re having a difficult time in dealing with new lifestyle changes that are necessary to cope with diabetes, there’s additional help available. Classes, events, and support groups are available to provide extra support and education.
— — — —
Le Yu Khine, MD, is an endocrinologist with UPMC in North Central Pa. and sees patients at 1100 Grampian Blvd., Williamsport. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Khine, call 570-320-7848. For more information, visit UPMC.com/EndocrinologyNCPA.
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Health and Lifestyle

Woman recounts shooting outside of Defined Fitness – KOB

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Griffin Rushton
Updated: January 10, 2022 09:42 PM
Created: January 10, 2022 04:29 PM

ALBUQUERQUE, N.M. – An early morning workout ended with panic and tears in southwest Albuquerque Monday after someone fired a gun outside the Defined Fitness on Central Avenue.
A woman – who wanted to stay anonymous – said it started around 9 a.m. with a loud bang. It didn't take long to realize it was a gunshot, but it's what happened next that has her questioning her membership.
“I'm still shocked just because it could have been someone who, who could have died in there,” said the woman. 
Hearts were pumping at the Defined Fitness near Central and Unser – but not because of a workout.
“We were starting to warm up, we heard a loud pop. And we thought maybe it was the speakers or the light bulb that busted. So we go and we take a look. And we hear the instructor scream and say, ‘Oh, my goodness,’”
She said that's when they noticed a bullet hole the size of a quarter in the wall and then, more gunfire.
“We start hearing more bullet shots. And so at that time, everybody just panicked and round ran out of the room.”
Albuquerque police confirmed there was a shootout between two cars behind the gym and a stray bullet hit the building. The woman says she's thankful no one was hurt, but is worried not enough people knew they were in danger in the first place.
“They should have evacuated and notified the members that something's going on, and please evacuate. Put more alert out there, versus letting everybody just sit there and continue to work out.”
Defined Fitness sent KOB 4 a statement saying the incident was unrelated to the gym and says it’s still a safe place for its members. But this is not the first time gym-goers have voiced concerns about safety at this location.
Back in November, KOB 4 spoke to a woman who said someone broke into her car in broad daylight and claimed Defined Fitness was not doing enough to keep its members safe.
Both women said they are not sure if they'll ever return to this location.
“I think I'm taking a little break from this gym, just so I can refocus and find my comfort again. So it'll be a while before I returned to this location.”
An APD spokesperson said the gym's security footage has been reviewed and there are no leads on a potential suspect.

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Health and Lifestyle

Fitacular 2022 with Planet Fitness – ABC27

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ABC27
Get Fitacular in 2022 with help from Planet Fitness! With several locations in our area it’s easy to get into better habits and make the right choices for your physical and mental health.
Copyright 2022 Nexstar Media Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.
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Health and Lifestyle

Jadakiss Explains Why Living “Healthy Is Gangsta” – Vibe

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“There’s nothing corny about wanting to live.”
By DeMicia Inman
Staff Writer, News
Jadakiss offered his definition of a gangster during an episode of the Facebook Watch series The Pull Up. In a clip shared on the rapper’s social media, he explains how his lifestyle choices has made being healthy the cool thing to do, and why everyone should take a similar route.
“I think healthy is gangsta,” the 46-year-old rapper exclaimed.
He continued, “Everybody want to be tough guys and this and that, and rich. If you not healthy, you can’t be alive to spend your money. If you not healthy, you can’t enjoy the party, you can’t enjoy the perks of life, you won’t be here to see your kids graduate, to see ’em score they first touchdown, to see things like that. So health is more important than anything.”

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A post shared by JADAKISS (@jadakiss)

He continued to share how his fellow members of The Lox all maintain a health-conscious lifestyle.
“My brothers, Styles, and Sheek… Sheek been working out forever. Styles been on us to eat right and live right. So it’s a collective lifestyle that you gotta live and there’s nothing corny about wanting to live.”
The rappers not only encourage healthy habits among each other but have created space for others to do the same. In February, Styles P discussed the importance of why he decided to open Juices For Life in the Bronx with Good Morning America.
“It is important that you take care of the forgotten. Obviously, this started with us being because we’re from a Black and brown community,” said Styles. “We’re from a poverty community, but why does that mean we don’t have to eat right?”
He continued, “It’s not about being a vegan, it’s not about being plant-based, that’s not what I’m pushing on people, we push balance and health,” said Styles. “It’s about the people.”
View the full episode of Pull Up with Jadakiss featuring Lil Cease below.
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